For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

It had been seen as an typical kinds for many sections regarding the population, however with a particular social and age laws. Beauty and elements that are beautiful dresses had been distributed by fur trim, embroidery, jewelry. Old-fashioned materials when it comes to garments had been fabric, fur, thin felt, fabric, that has been made by the neighborhood populace. Clothing sewn from brought in materials – silk, brocade, velvet, had been a type or sort of way of measuring wealthiness of the owners. Cotton had been additionally trusted. Kazakhs have actually always valued animal skins and furs as sewing product. Coats, or so named Tons, had been sewed from animal skins, and fur coats, such as for example Shash had been sewed from furred animals, that have been completely suited to climate conditions in Kazakh Steppes. Outerwear had been ready from skins and furs of wild and domestic pets, in line with the names of which, clothing had been called: Zh anat tone – a layer of raccoon fur, Kara tulki ton – of a black colored fox fur, Kamshat boryk – a beaver cap, Bota ton – a coat from camel skin, Zhargak tone – from a foal skin, etc. Numerous types of clothes had been made of felt. Predominantly coat that is white employed for its manufacturing, and slim fur from sheep’s throat ended up being considered specially valuable.

Nationwide clothing of Kazakh females

A Kazakh girl usually wore a dress with a waistcoat. Generally speaking, outerwear of females ended up being just like compared to males: comparable coats, waistcoats, gowns, wide fabric belts, it differed from males’s just in tints plus some design details.

Headwear of Kazakh ladies, much like a great many other nationalities, ended up being also a type or form of indicator of these marital status. Headwear of married females differed in numerous groups that are tribal but girls’ headwear ended up being comparatively comparable through the territory of Kazakhstan. Girls utilized to put on caps of 2 types: skull limit (Takiya) and a hat that is warmBorik), embellished with otter, fox or beaver fur. A tuft of owl feather had been usually sewed into the top of takiya for design purposes, that also played a job of a talisman. Gimp, tassels, silver embroidery and also silver coins had been additionally employed for design.

Kazakh ladies’ national headwear that is bridal, which can be a top (70 cm) conical cap, is of specific importance (see pic. In the left). Probably the most costly of those had been examined in one hundred chosen horses. Saukele had been a mandatory element of girl’s dowry, and ended up being ready a long time before girls reached the chronilogical age of wedding, as well as a wedding dress, that was usually manufactured from high priced textile, frequently red coloured. Bride had been designed to wear a saukele through the wedding service, then it absolutely was used on holiday breaks for many time following the wedding.

Saukele is embellished by steel fishnet tops, tiara (often manufactured from silver with inlays of semiprecious rocks or strings of pearls, corals, etc. ), temple pendants and chin designs. Saukele cone is covered with fabric, that was sewed by steel badges of different designs, into bezels of which valuable and stones that are semiprecious placed. An easy ribbon of high priced fabric, embellished with fringes of silver thread, had been additionally connected to the straight back of saukele, which transpired to cover an integral part of the rear of a woman. Compulsory supplement to saukele is just a suspension that is long called zhaktau, that is mounted on it from both edges, achieving the waistline of a woman. Probably the most craftsmen that are skilled in saukele manufacturing: cutters, embroiderers, jewellers, whom used the moulding, embossing, stamping, etc. Throughout the procedure for production. It took a year or higher to get ready one such saukele.

Utilizing the delivery associated with the first youngster a girl place a headwear of the married girl on (see pic. In the right), that has been used until her old many years. The facts with this differ only a little with respect to the age of girl and area she arrived from. This headwear contains two components: the base – kimeshek used regarding the mind, together with top – in the shape of a turban, wound over the part that is bottom of headwear. Both components had been made of white material. These kinds of headwear are used by older women even now.

National garments of Kazakh males

Kazakh men utilized to put on various skullcaps (takiya), summer time and cold temperatures hats. Summer time cap – kalpak was sewed from thin felt, mostly white, and had a particular cut that is ancient. Borik and tymak had been used in cold temperatures. Tymak is really a hot cold temperatures cap with earflaps and throat flaps produced from fox, which can be popular among Kazakh men even nowadays. Bashlyk is another nationwide headwear, manufactured from camel fabric, that has been said to be used in addition to other caps, to guard from dirt, sunlight, rainfall and snowfall.

Guys’s clothes consisted of this following components: Double under vest (zheyde), reduced jeans – manufactured from light textile as well as the top – of cloth, suede, sheepskin or cotton fabric that is thick. Through the very early ages, once the Kazakhs utilized to go horse riding, pants had been an essential and part that is important of clothes. The type that is main of clothing had been shapan, a type of robe.

In old times males’s and women’s footwear had been additionally comparable, though girls’ boots were frequently decorated with embroidery and applique work. Footwear differed in accordance with periods. As an example, wintertime shoes had been high, broad-shafted, used within the felt stockings. Additionally there have been differences between footwear of older and more youthful people. Young adults frequently wore shoes with a high heels (up to 6 – 8 cm), seniors – with low heels. Another typical sort of footwear among Kazakhs had been light boots without heels, tight fitting on legs, called ichigi or masi. Leather kebis had been worn over them, that was allowed to be put off during the entry towards the home.


A variety that is great of designs – great applications, patches had been utilized on clothes, headwear, footwear. Carnelian, coral, pearl, pearl, colored glass had been used to embellish gold, silver, copper, bronze jewelry of females. Earrings, wrought and flat bracelets and bands had been incredibly breathtaking. Bands dependent on their forms that are traditional certain names, such as for instance a Bird’s beak band. Belts – a compulsory component of both male and clothing that is female had been embellished specially: it absolutely was ornamented with embroidery; silver badges had been sewn about it.

Kinds of jewelry often depended on age, social and status that is marital of whom wore them. A lot of them had been typical for many groups that are territorial.

Individuals clothes is continually being targeted by fashion designers, developers. Modern clothing, made out of motives that are national is obviously original and unique.

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